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发布于:2018-11-7 08:53:09  访问:57 次 回复:0 篇
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Al. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2011, 7:43 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content
Branches Cinnamomum glanduliferum Cornus oblonga Cupressus funebris Gaultheria fragrantissima Juniperus formosana Juniperus squamata Ligustrum sempervirens Lyonia ovalifolia Pistacia weinmanniifolia Woods Combustible agent Joss stick production Sticks Glues Rubusoside 64849-39-4 Artemisia sp2 Bambuseae spp. Soon after becoming gluey, the sticks are once again dipped in water and covered with driedEight different powders for censer use and 3 unique ones for joss-stick production had been collected from temples, incense customers, and producers. Table 3 shows the species composition from the powders as talked about by the informants and verified microscopically. In all but one powder, Cupressus funebris is present, suggesting its Puromycin (Dihydrochloride) function as standard ingredient in the mixtures. With regards to powders for censer use, Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall. and Ligustrum sempervirens Lingelsh. are also frequent components. The central part of those 3 species can also be supported by interview statements and their higher agreement ratio (Figure 2). Both the joss-stick and also the censer-use mixture compositions vary. Even though eleven species had been named to become made use of as incense, only five were talked about as compounds of your collected incense powders. Why the remaining six species don‘t occur within the mixtures is uncertain. Possible e.Al. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2011, 7:43 http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/7/1/Page six ofTable 2 Ritual plant categories according to interview and observation dataUse categories Ritual plants Incense Burned in censer Powders Chamaecyparis obtusa aff. Branches Cinnamomum glanduliferum Cornus oblonga Cupressus funebris Gaultheria fragrantissima Juniperus formosana Juniperus squamata Ligustrum sempervirens Lyonia ovalifolia Pistacia weinmanniifolia Woods Combustible agent Joss stick production Sticks Glues Artemisia sp2 Bambuseae spp. Basella alba Gonostegia hirta Powders Cupressus funebris Shoot axis Shoot axis Subterr. parts Subterr. parts Leaves Cupressus funebris Juniperus squamata Artemisia sp1 Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves Leaves Branches Wood Wood Aerial components Species Components usedroot powder of Pinus yunnanensis, which improves combustibility. Once once more the sticks are dipped into water and covered with incense powder. The process of adhering incense powder onto the sticks is repeated until the sticks are with the desired thickness. Ultimately, the sticks are kneaded to straighten their shape and left to dry. The red and green sticks are sold by the producers for about 1 Yuan (= 0.12 USD at the time of field work) per bunch of 20 sticks at the regional weekly marketplace (Figure 5B). The plant material is usually collected by the producers themselves within the surrounding fields and mountains.Species composition of incense powdersTernstroemia gymnanthera LeavesPistacia weinmanniifolia Branches Ternstroemia gymnanthera Leaves Combustible agent Ghost plants Other Pinus yunnanensis Populus sp. Prinsepia utilis Imperata cylindrica Root Branches Branches Whole plantstick is completely rolled more than the paper till the PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25768400 complete paper is twisted about (Figure 4B). The remaining totally free tip on the paper is then glued onto the stick with an adhesive consisting of water-solved wheat flour. For the production of green sticks, glue as an alternative to paper is applied PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27488460 to attach the incense powder for the stick. The exact same types of wooden sticks are 1st dipped in water and then inside a plant powder that tends to make the surface adhesive.
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